Inside ruins of legendary city even Alexander the Great couldn’t conquer 1,000ft up mountain & on top of ancient tombs – The Sun


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A SURPRISE CITY so high up in the hills that not even Alexander the Great can conquer lays vacant.

Perched on a prepared eagles nest high in the hills of southwestern Turkey, Termessos, can be dominated by any individual ready to make the walk up right here.

Termessos was one of two cities in Asia Minor that Alexander the Great could not conquer.


Termessos was one of 2 cities in Asia Minor that Alexander the Great can not conquer.Credit: Alamy
The ancient town is littered with ancient tombs that have been broken in to


The ancient community is cluttered with ancient tombs that have actually been barged in toCredit: Alamy
The once powerful city was destroyed by an earthquake, with temples left in ruins


The as soon as effective city was damaged by a quake, with holy places left in ruinsCredit: Alamy

While conveniently gotten to by automobile through Antalya, the ancient ask yourself stands vacant in spite of flaunting marvelous landscapes and historic intrigue.

The as soon as poweful city of Termessos go back to 334 BCE, when the ancient Macedonian king Alexander the Great tried to conquer the 1000ft strengthened mountain.

Unable to browse the high mountain inclines and rough surface, Termessos is one of 2 cities in Asia Minor the overcoming King can not conquer.

While very little is learnt about the autumn and damage of Temessons, it is thought a quake in the fourth or fifth century CE damaged the aqueduct which provided alcohol consumption water to the individuals in the hills.

By after that, the city was finished deserted till it was uncovered by contemporary visitors in the 19th century.

Polish scientist Karol Lanckoroński repetitively checked out the ancient marvel. In his publication The Cities of Pamphylia and Pisidia, he claimed: ‘Of all the cities of Pisidia which we have actually checked out, Termessos has the most strange and the biggest setting.

“It is, at the same time, a watchtower commanding a distant view and nest buried deeply in a valley, surrounded by a ring of mountains.

“If its residents delighted in brigandage, they can not discover a much better hiding area than in this eagle’s nest.”

Antalya-based art teacher and licensed guide, Önder Uğuz said the Romans had more success than Alexander the Great in ruling the city.

He said: “Not with pressure yet with even more perilous ways, like providing freedom under Roman security.”

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Uncovering the mountain’s hidden secrets


But it’s not just the breathtaking mountain views that make it the lost city spectacular, the mountain itself is a tomb for Termessos’ rich and mighty.

The cemeteries contain ancient sarcophagi which were carved with shields and spears for warriors.

And like most ancient burial sites, the tombs have been broken into by tomb raiders over the centuries.

They do however provide clues to the warriors who were buried there, including one early Hellenistic tomb from 4 BC believed to belong to a general under Alexander the Great.

A life-size relief of an equestrian figure with a lance and the resting bed is believed to belong Alketas, a general who ruled under the ancient conqueror.

In addition to the tombs, the once grand city featured shops in the agora – a marketplace, and a theatre – a key feature in both the Hellenic and Roman period in Termessos.

Built in the Hellenistic period, it was made of hewn stones and could seat 4,200 people.

In the Roman period, in the 2nd century AD, the theatre underwent significant alternations.

The ancient ruins also reveal the marble ruins of the city’s gymnasium for trainee soldiers, which would’ve been vital in protecting the once powerful mountain stronghold.

Like other ancient villages, Termessos was home to several temples dedicated to the gods and godesses.

Six temples remain in the ruins, with the main temple dedicated to main deity of Termessos known as Solymian Zeus.

While the temple and ruins may be isolated, tours of the site run daily, and can be reached via public transport, taxi or car from Antalya.

Who is Alexander the Great?

Born in 356 BCE at Pella in the ancient Greek kingdom on Macedon, Alexander the Great was the son of Philip II and Olympias.

He succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of 20 and spent most of his ruling years conducting a lengthy military campaign throughout Western Asia, Central Asia, parts of South Asia, and Egypt.

By the age of 30, he had created one of the largest empires in history, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. The entire area from Greece in the west, north to the Danube, south into Egypt and as far to the east as the Indian Punjab, was linked together in a vast international network of trade and commerce

He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered to be one of history’s greatest and most successful military commanders.

He died of a fever in Babylon in June 323 BCE at the age of 32.

Sarcophagus or rock tombs line  the ancient city of Termessos


Sarcophagus or rock tombs line the ancient city of TermessosCredit: Alamy
An example of Greek Macedonian sepulchral art showing a warrior riding a horse within the 4th century BC Tomb of Alcetas at Termessos in Turkey.


An example of Greek Macedonian sepulchral art showing a warrior riding a horse within the 4th century BC Tomb of Alcetas at Termessos in Turkey.Credit: Alamy
The Ancient theatre could hold 4,200 people


The Ancient theatre could hold 4,200 peopleCredit: Alamy
The ancient ruins of the famous amphitheater in the ancient city of Termessos


The ancient ruins of the famous amphitheater in the ancient city of TermessosCredit: Alamy
The gymnasium in the ancient city of Termessos


The gymnasium in the ancient city of TermessosCredit: Alamy
Ruins of the ancient city of Termessos


Ruins of the ancient city of TermessosCredit: Alamy

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